'THAT' AND 'WHICH'

          What is the difference between "that" and "which"?


          That - "That" is used with restrictive phrases. Restrictive phrases are phrases that are essential to the sentence.

 

          Which - "Which" is used with non-restrictive phrases. Non-restrictive phrases are phrases that state non-essential information. A phrase is considered a non-restrictive phase if the phase can be omitted from the sentence.

 

          Examples:

         

          The shirt that you lent me is in my bag. (Restrictive)

 

           The shirt, which is red, is in my bag.  (Non-restrictive)

 

           The house that I wanted to buy has been sold. (R)

 

           The house, which I didn't want to buy, has been sold. (NR)

 

           The pub that I go to all the time is open. (R)

 

            The pub, which is near my house, is closing.  (NR).

 

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